The production of sound is the process of developing a new dynamic stereotype (correct articulation of the phoneme). First, it is necessary to teach the child to reproduce the phoneme, at least in an isolated form. The reliance on various analyzers greatly facilitates the reproduction of a new articulation.
The process of making sounds is based on the following techniques:
The necessary articulatory structure is divided into smaller movements that are trained in the process of articulatory gymnastics, after repeated repetition these articulatory movements unite, and the child creates a kinesthetic sensation about the position of the speech organs.
Spent movements are combined into a complex and in this way the necessary articulatory mode is created.
When you play the articulatory way, a vocal breath is activated, and the child utters a sound.
After that, the auditory attention is connected to the sound of the phoneme. To form skills in correct pronunciation, three methods are used: by imitation, mechanical and mixed.
It is assumed that all types of control are widely used, which helps the child consciously reproduce the necessary movement or position of the speech organs and the sound of the phoneme. The child should consider the arrangement of the articulation organs of the speech therapist (using a mirror), feel the character of the air jet and the vibration of the larynx (tactile control), and in the process of playing reproduce the necessary phoneme.
It presupposes a mechanical effect on the speech organs with the help of:
stage logopedic probes;
a finger of a speech therapist or a child.
This method is based on the production of sound from any initial verbal structures (the correct sounds are taken for the initial sounds). For the first time, the setting speech therapy probes were introduced by FA Rau for sounding in deaf children, and then, due to the high effectiveness of the application, they found wide application in normally hearing logopathic children.
FA Rau proposed 7 probes (6 – under the numbers and a ball probe)
Speech logopedic probes are also used according to the method of LS Volkova.
LSVolkova proposed 7 probes under the numbers. The setting probes of LS Volkova are somewhat different from the probes proposed by FA Rau
/ IMPORTANT / When using probes, their use does not always coincide with the child’s desire. It is necessary to conduct a psychotherapeutic work, to give a try to the action of the probe in a game form.
It presupposes a mechanical effect plus an explanation of the speech therapist, as well as showing the correct articulation by the speech therapist. First it is advisable to tell, and then apply a mechanical action – probe.
Speech therapy sessions on the production of sounds are conducted in individual form, especially when mechanical assistance is required or with a mixed method of setting.